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the capital the city that it is today. but amid this cultural mosaic, this swelling city faces some serious challenges. delhi sits on the banks of two large rivers, catal city for aongsuccess, the ganges aheamuna. delhi s fomamanyea its lonvarious peoplesfnks have left their mark on delhi. for instance, remnants of the islamic domination that started in the 12th century can be seen in old delhi. new delhi was built in the british colonial period at the end of the 19th century. its tidy grid-line streets and office buildings offer a sharp contrast to the narrow, bustling streets of old delhi. today the power that is shaping delhi is economics. beginning in the early 1900s, india made a strong push toward liberalizing its economy. with its strong international ties, s be quick keeping pace with the changing environment. products a coming in frombroad, and on their srttails comeele. with the changing environment. delhi's life-sty is cngg a. ( bus horn blaring ) drawn by the appeal of the city and the liberalized economy, more and more people are moving to delhi from the countryside. however,
geography has contributed to densely populated cities, and made japan one of the most highly urbanized countries in the world. over 80% of its population lives in urban areas. tokyo is japan's largest city. as the capital, it is the focus of most legal, pitical, and economic activities in the nation. most large corporations have their headquarters here. everything tends to concentrate in tokyo. 32 million people, or one out of every four japanese live within a 30-mile radius. while tokyo casts a large shadow, it covers only three percent of the total land mass of japan. land prices here have skyrocketed. a booming economy in the 1980s and early 1990s saw profits go into real estate speculation, contributing to a bubble of inflated values. affordable housing was in short supply. more and more people began moving out to the suburbs to fulfill their dream of owning a home. by the mid-90s, japan hit an economic slump and thasian economic crisis of 1997 hit. the bubble burst and land prices began to decline, but not by much. housing prices in tokyo are falling, but they're still at very hig
-brick city of albi in the south of france. henri grew up in a world of chateaus and privilege in a family living on the fruits of its noble past. but a france governed by the middle class was losing its taste for nobility. like many aristocrats, his father alphonse retreated into rural pastimes-- riding and hunting. an eccentric, he looked wistfully back to the family's glorious past. alphonse had married his first cousin adele, a common practice in a class anxious to preserve the purity of its bloodlines. but the results of inbreeding for henri were uncommonly cruel. his legs were short and weak. he broke each of them in early adolescence and stopped growing when he was 14. he was just under five feet tall. his head, hands and torso continued to develop. but his stunted legs made walking painful for the rest of his life. denied the aristocratic pleasures of riding and hunting, henri turned to sketching and painting rural scenes. he had a flair for it and in 1882, at the age of 18, he moved to paris to study painting. it was a move that would change the direction of his art and his life.
was dead. (martin scorsese) it's incredible city poetry, this body there, lying there. you know, i come from an area where sometimes you'd see a body in the street that way. it was important for film noir to represent real cities, not these vague constructions on a studio back lot. (narrator) christmas eve in new york. (paul arthur) but to use the look of the city as a part of its stylistic web. (jean-pierre gorin) when you're in the city, you've got a space which is immediately dramatic. and you've got immediately -- you're in a universe which is maze-like and claustrophobic. the characters arewaike smas in an aquarium where all sorts of stuff is happening. look at the first sequence of "pickup on south street." one guy, whose job is to steal purses, open purses, a pickpocket in a subway. (paul arthur) the number of underground spots that we see in film noir is quite phenomenal. underground garages and subways and sewer systems. it's a manifestation of the underworld, of this secret labyrinth where criminals hide in shadows this is the image, representing a modern hell. (paul schrader)
on the relatively small island of java. e capital city jakar is the political and economic center of indonesia. the isla obali is about 600 miles to the east of jakar bali is just 90 miles long and 50 miles wide, but has a population of two and a half millio balis unique in the predominantly muslim nationf indonesia. the main religion here is hindu. in tbali is indonesia'sslim premier tourist destination, and that cates other confcts. man: we have two properties in bali. we have out 1,30employees. sheraton is focusing on delong tocalonesia to manage our chain of hotels. we have fi hotels w. welan to have about ten. rrator: domanage sardjano is not a n yonor is he a native balinese. he is at the cutting edge of a strategy to develop the indonesian economy through tourism. sardjano: i used to live in jakarta, the capital city of indonesia. i saw that bali was fast developing. its thst ofasarofndones.rga so iame reouyears ago to open up hotel here omcrh ofasarofndones.rga so iame reouyears ago narrator as parofeloplahatcd in jakar resorts like nusa dua have changed e balinese lands. sardjano: in
beginning of los angeles, sold ice creams even before there was a city. the river that moves central to this land base, that is first water, and then concrete, and then water again, is sort of a wish for the future. the quiva at the center, which is the home place, the oven, the womb, as it were. the little, tiny houses that represent first sonora town, east los angeles, all the way through to chavez ravine. and in the land, the sleeping giant, who represents the mexicano/latino population of this region, awakes. first sleeping as a female, then male, then a female who o has the borr hammered into her back, awakes. and her hand pours out the blood that becomes this kind of march of humanity led by a spirit warrior, who is an azteca. i guess i've always been a visual artist. i was known through high school for my capacity to draw. and as i went off to art school, i focused on painting. sculpture was also a great interest of mine. well, we've just officially joined the -- now come into the next segment of the mural production. and we are going to paint. every artist has a mentor in the
in one of the world's oldest civilizations. near the neck of the delta is the city of cairo. dathstreets arive-- 11 million people crowd the city, 68 million crowd the country. and though the bounty of the nile is great, the agriculture it supports is not sufficient to feed the people of egypt. and so the pressure to use more of the nile's water for desert irrigation mounts. the nile valley is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. ninety-five percent of egypt's people live on and depend on just five percent of the land. but the nile river and its narrow ribbon of fertile soil has fed egypt for most of its long history. every year when the river flooded, it left a rich layer of silt to grow crops in. nourished by the wild river, the ere was as ferle as anyn eah. but nearly 50 years ago, egypt decided to tame the nile. the aswan high dam was the greatest public work project since the pyramids. twenty-four ancient monuments were moved, but many others disappeared under the new lake. lake nasser, the world's largest man-made lake, holds two years' worth of the nile's water. w
artist joan miro. born in the catalan city of barcelona in 1893, miro has remained close to the land and its people. but as a young man in paris, he joined th friends like max ernst and jean arp in the emerging surrealist movement of the 1920s. in his painting "the farm," miro's characteristic symbols and themes began to appear: serpentine shapes, checkerboard patterns, infinite sce represented by the moon or a star. in 1922, he painted "the farmer's wife," the ancestress of countless female symbols that also became a continuing motif in miro's art. in 1924, his art broke free of gravitational constraints in theurrealistic world of "harlequin's carnival." over the years, he developed his own personal symbolism, and in the 1950s, the scale of his art grew with such works as a mural at harrd university and "the wall ofhe sun" for unesco in pas. as his work grew in size, miro continued what he termed "a process of simplification." he stated, "little by little, i have managed to reach a point at which i use no more than a small number of forms and colors this process found a culminating
practices here in a very large city, such as a sweat lodge? where do you set that up in a very large city? >> that's a good question, because the one i ran here was two months ago and it was out in burr ridge. one of our practices is we use willow building the sweat lodges. so i say it took me five hours to find willow in chicago. and i looked all over, around the rivers, and i finally found it. but there's other places, out in the suburbs. one of the hardest things is finding wood, wood to burn. more or less, they want to buy the wood, and i say we should go and cut the wood and - but it can be done, nothing can be stopped. we'll always be, i'll be running a sweat here, hopefully, by saturday. >> warren, have you been in here yet? >> yeah. i was wondering if native americans have developed some pool of mythic stories about the coming of western man to united states, for example? have they - is there anything in the myths that spoke to that? >> well, there's nothing- the way i was raised and brought up is we're all here together now. i hold no grudges against nobody. as far as the stories
unit was established in atlanta, being that it was the largest city in the southeast, to make sure that those mosquito populations were kept under control around the military bases, so that malaria wouldn't come back in this part of the country. and the way you control it, and the way we did in this country, was you got to get rid of the mosquito vector. that takes a sophisticated... well, it takes an organized community effort. the chinese did that in southern china. many places around the world have had malaria problems-- brazil-- that they've brought under control. not so in africa. eradication efforts are erratic. yellow fever is another mosquito-transmitted virus that the french encountered when they occupied west africa. so the way the french dealt with this was to conduct an ongoing every-four-year campaign to vaccinate every person in every country they occupied. they had groups of doctors and nurses--that's all they did. they just went from village to village on this four year cycle. that way, the most that could happen is you'd have a group of susceptible children, but it
into california in the 1960s, and into expansion within the inner city ghettos of san francisco and los angeles. so, as the group moved and expanded its traditional christian commitment to social justice, equality, and so on, it changed, and some of the members tended to be more politically committed, with less of an emphasis on christianity. >> social justice, inclusiveness, caring about the poor - these are great ideals. how do we go from these beautiful ideals to tragic suicide in the jungles of guyana? >> i think it's really hard to understand why people who join a group with high intentions and noble ideals end up ultimately killing their children and themselves. and i don't think anyone who joined people's temple in the beginning ever thought or imagined that they would end up on the cover of newsweek as a dead body. but what happens, i think, as you become part of an organization that requires total commitment, you begin to make compromises, which are justified by your faith and commitment - that your goal is worthy; racial equality is something that we want. however, if you begin to coe
findings, we find a much more dense population, not only on the site, on the ancient city, but also in the outlying lowland areas. obregon: dr. alez has ao been studying the central pyramid gonzalez: this pyramid is, for this time period--around 400 b.c.-- probly the largest pyramid he oec world at that time. the olmecs seem to haacked earth and then held it in place by rows of limestone. obregon: electronic sounding devices have detected a dense, rectangular object, possibly a tb, close to the summit. futu excavations may reveal that this manmade mountain was ri mou fo olm rer. the extrrdinary achievements at la venta and san lorenz were long thought toe uniqueo the cotal lowlands. but ongoing excavations far from the coast indicate otherwise. in the shadow of the volcano popocatepetl in the mexican highlands chalcatzingo, a ancient regional center at i height om arnd 700 to 0 b.c. new speaker: chalcatzin is a uniq site in the central mexican highlands. it's the only site in the highlands withas-relief carvings in the olm style the anent village of chalcatzingo, set on a terraced h
city, to see that it gets monies to build its various- rebuild its various buildings. and it's thriving, even though the town is not all mormon. and what has fascinated me is when it was built, the people who built it were very, very skilled tradesmen, and they built it in a communal type way, so that each family who came helped everyone build the homes, and then when that house was completed, they went on and built another, and the houses were very well built, and are- it's a wonderful place to visit, to see history very much alive. >> you know, you're so right, and you're hitting very close to home, because my 11-year-old daughter lilly's fifth-grade class went to nauvoo, and being a good parent, i chaperoned along, so i was just there a couple weeks ago, and you're so right about the zeal. and it brings up this fascinating question, we talked about it with myth: did joseph smith actually find plates revealed to him by a divine personage that revealed a new book and this plan? well, people are going to argue back and forth, and if you go to nauvoo, as you well know, you're going to fi
Search Results 0 to 12 of about 13